What is ARC?

The Attachment, Self-Regulation and Competency (ARC) framework was developed by Margaret Blaustein, Ph.D. and Kristine Kinniburgh, LICSW of the Trauma Center at Justice Resource Institute in Massachusetts. It is recognized by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) as a promising practice for the treatment of complex psychological trauma in children.

ARC is a framework for intervention with youth and families who have experienced multiple and/or prolonged traumatic stress. ARC identifies three core domains that are frequently impacted among traumatized youth, and which are relevant to future resiliency. The three domains are broken down into 10 building block for intervention:


  • Caregiver Affect Management
  • Attunement
  • Consistent Response
  • Routines and Rituals


  • Affect Identification
  • Affect Modulation
  • Affect Expression


  • (Developmental Tasks)
  • Executive Functions
  • Self Development
  • Trauma Experience Integration

ARC provides a theoretical framework, core principles of intervention, and a guiding structure for providers working with these children and their caregivers, while recognizing that a one-size model does not fit all. ARC is designed for youth from early childhood to adolescence and their caregivers or caregiving systems. ARC ©, Kinniburgh & Blaustein (2005). ARC has been recognized as a promising practice by the NCTSN and SAMSHA and is being implemented in over 20 sites across the country. More information can be found on the Trauma Center’s website.

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Department of Mental Health
Interim Commissioner Mourning Fox
280 State Drive, NOB 2 North
Waterbury, VT 05671-2010
Phone:  (802) 241-0090
Fax: (802) 241-0100

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